Neurogenesis is the process of generating new neurons, which occurs mainly in two areas of the brain:
The hippocampus, which is responsible for memory and learning, and the olfactory bulb, which is responsible for smell.
During neurogenesis, neural stem cells in the brain differentiate into immature neurons, which then migrate to their final destination and mature into functional neurons. Various factors, including growth factors, hormones, and neurotransmitters regulate this process.
Neurogenesis is important for various brain functions, including learning and memory, mood regulation, and stress response. In addition, impaired neurogenesis has been associated with various neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and schizophrenia.
There is ongoing research on the potential therapeutic benefits of enhancing neurogenesis in the brain, particularly for treating brain injuries, neurodegenerative diseases, and mental health disorders.